The unity of the UK has been the focus of the Brexit issue. Half of the country’s citizens think that the United Kingdom is breaking down and will no longer exist after one era. The information came out in a poll recently conducted by Ipsos Mori, a London-based social survey.
Basically, the events started with the removal of the European Union from the UK. Britain joined the European Economic Community in the year of 1973. Its aim was to facilitate free trade and equal market with European countries at affordable prices. In 1993, the EU, the EU made several changes, including its own currency, policies, and free movement of citizens. But many British citizens are unhappy with Britain’s adherence to EU regulations.
Therefore, a referendum was held on 23 June 2016 with the exit of the British people from the EU or the Brexit.
There is a growing discomfort among British citizens over the increasing number of immigrants in the UK. According to EU rules, citizens of 28 EU countries have the right to enter from one country to another without a visa. And because of this, the David Cameron government was able to significantly reduce the number of immigrants from outside the EU in its first term, but could not prevent EU citizens from entering.
Davit Cameron proposed to close the benefits allowance for a four-year period to discourage EU citizens from entering the UK for a second term as promised. EU presidents could not be happier. They also demanded that discrimination in the benefit of citizens of member states would conflict with the original purpose of the EU’s establishment. And that’s why the question arises about the UK not being kept in the EU.
Cameron raised four reforms, including limiting the benefits of migrants, in talks with EU leaders on the Brexit question, and EU leaders later reached a deal with Cameron on the proposal. Cameron announces a referendum date for Brexit following a negotiation with the EU and a referendum was scheduled for June 23,2016. The people of the country made a final decision in the referendum on the question of whether Britain was not in the EU.
The referendum results in 52 percent of the vote against the UK stay in the EU and 48 percent in favor. London and Scotland have taken a strong stand for staying in the EU. In these two regions, more than 60 percent of the vote is in favor of Europe. But voting against staying in the EU in the north of England is high. The referendum resulted in the unification of the United Kingdom comprising England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
As the UK moves toward Brexit on 31 January 2020, the referendum demand for Scotland’s independence is becoming stronger. On the other hand, the demand for a referendum to leave the Republic of Ireland to join the Republic of Ireland is increasing.
However, in 2014 a referendum on Scotland demanding independence in the 55 to 45 percent of Scottish rejection. But now the situation is different.
Ipswich Morris polls show that 50 percent of people in the UK now think there will be no UK in the next 10 years. Only 29 percent of people believed that the UK would survive even after one era, while in 2014 it was estimated that 45 percent of people would. That is, the number of people optimistic about survival in the UK has also dropped significantly. Ipsos Mori conducted a survey on 1,000 adult people from October 25 to October 28.
Emily Gray, managing director of Scotland branch Ipsos Mori, said the British were far more divided on the UK question than the year of 2014. As a result, the UK is now in danger of collapse and destruction.